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Polyelectrolyte-Stabilized Graphene Oxide Liquid Crystals against Salt, pH, and Serum

Time2014-05-19 13:01


Xiaoli Zhao , Zhen Xu , Yang Xie , Bingna Zheng , Liang Kou , and Chao Gao. Langmuir, 2014, 30 (13), 3715–3722.

Abstract: Stabilization of colloids is of great significance in nanoscience for their fundamental research and practical applications. Electrostatic repulsion-stabilized anisotropic colloids, such as graphene oxide (GO), can form stable liquid crystals (LCs). However, the electrostatic field would be screened by ions. To stabilize colloidal LCs against electrolyte is an unsolved challenge. Here, an effective strategy is proposed to stabilize GO LCs under harsh conditions by association of polyelectrolytes onto GO sheets. Using sodium poly(styrene sulfonate) (PSS) and poly[2-(methacryloyloxy)ethyl]dimethyl-(3-sulfopropyl)ammonium hydroxide (PMEDSAH), a kind of polyzwitterion, GO LCs were well-maintained in the presence of NaCl (from 0 M to saturated), extreme pH (from 1 to 13), and serum. Moreover, PSS- or PMEDSAH-coated chemically reduced GO (rGO) also showed stability against electrolyte.


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